What are Carbohydrates and why are Carbohydrates important


Carbohydrates are starches, sugar, and Fibers, which is found in grains, vegetables, fruits and dairy products. This is a basic group of food, which is very necessary for healthy living.Moreover, Carbs are a main and important source of energy for the body. It contains three basic need of bodies such as oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen. Three micronutrients require for our bodies like protein, carb, and fat. They all three micronutrients require for the proper functioning of the body.

Carbohydrate Functions

According to the Lowa state university, It provides energy to the muscles for working and give fuel to the central nervous system.In addition, They enable the fat metabolism. Carb prevents the protein in the body as an energy source. Furthermore, It affects our memory and mood etc and helps in proper functioning o the brain.

Complex vs. Simple Carbohydrate

There are two types of carbs such as simple and complex. Furthermore, Only the one difference between both carbs. Simple carbs are more easily and quickly digested then the complex carbs. When we talk about simple carbohydrate, It contains only One or two sugars like Galactose and fructose. In addition, Galactose found in dairy products and fructose found in fruits. These types of sugar known as monosaccharides.



Carb contains two sugars like maltose, sucrose, and lactose. In addition, Maltose found in vegetables and Beer. Furthermore, Sucrose found in table sugar and lactose found in milk products. These types of sugars known as disaccharides.

syrups, candy, and soda contain simple sugar. Furthermore, These types of food are processed food. You can say refined food, which has not any minerals and vitamins. It means, they have empty calories and cause weight gain.

Moreover, Whole grain bread, potatoes, lentils, parsnips, cereals, corn, and peanuts contain complex carbohydrates. It contains two or more sugars.

Good and Bad Carbohydrates

Good carbs or healthy carbs:

  • Low calories carbs
  • rich in Nutrients
  • Devoid of refined grains and refined sugars
  • High in natural fiber
  • low sodium
  • low saturated fat
  • very low in trans fats

List of Bad carbs:

  • High calories
  • full refined sugars
  • High refined grains such as white flour
  • low in nutrition.
  • low fiber
  • high trans fats

Low carb foods or low carb diet:

  • Meat: chicken, pork, lamb, and beef etc.
  • Fish: wild caught fish, haddock, trout and salmon etc.
  • Eggs: pastured eggs.
  • Vegetables: Carrots, cauliflower, spinach, and broccoli etc.
  • Fruits: blueberries, oranges, pears, apples etc.
  • Seeds and Nuts: sunflower seeds, almonds, walnuts etc.
  • High-fat dairy: heavy cream, yogurt, cheese, butter etc
  • Oils and Fats: Code fish liver Oil, Butter, Coconut oil, olive oil, lard etc.

These good carb foods or list of carbs very healthy for our bodies and also for weight loss. List of healthy carbs for weight loss is given above.

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